Time-line of Ancient Britain

* BP = Before Present

Hunter-Gatherers and Shamanism in Britain

  • c 45,000 BP to 10,000 BP - Upper Paleolithic.
  • c 33,000 BP - Paviland Cave, Gower peninsular, South Wales, oldest known ritual burial with artefacts in Britain and Western Europe.
  • c 12,000 BP to 13,000 BP - Creswell Crags, Derbyshire, horse’s head engraved on bone and numerous animal bird/figure images engraved on cave walls.
  • c 13,700 BP - Reindeer image engraved on cave wall, Gower peninsular, South Wales.
  • c 10,200 BP to 8,000 BP - Britain separates from Europe.
  • c 10,000 BP to 5,000 BP - Mesolithic.
  • c 10,000 BP - Large wooden posts erected at Stonehenge site.
  • c 9,600 BP - Howick, Northumberland, Mesolithic house in use for 100 years.
  • c 9,500 BP - Star Carr, near Scarborough, Yorkshire, is occupied, where ritual red deer stag head-dresses were found.

Transition stage between Hunter-Gathering and Farming lifestyles

  • c 6,500 BP - Farming started in Britain.
  • c 6,400 BP to 5,300 BP - Long barrows and causewayed enclosures built.
  • c 6,000 BP to 5,500 BP - Mesolithic to Neolithic transition.
  • c 5,500 BP - Farming communities established in Britain.

Farming established in Britain and Hunter-Gatherer culture receding

  • c 5,300 BP to 4,900 BP - Chambered tombs and stone circles appear.
  • c 5,200 BP  -  Newgrange built in Ireland.
  • c 5,100 BP - First phase of Stonehenge built.
  • c 4,750 BP - Silbury Hill, Avebury, Wiltshire, is built.
  • c 4,600 BP - Bluestones placed at Stonehenge.
  • C 4,600 BP to 4,100 BP - Sarsen stones placed at Stonehenge.
  • c 4,200 BP to 2,750 BP - Bronze Age.
  • c 2,750 BP to 1,969 BP - Iron Age.
  • c 2,500 BP - Celts in Britain.
  • 43 AD - Roman occupation of Britain begins.
  • 410 AD - Last Romans leave Britain.
  • c 500 AD - Irish peoples known as Scoti settling in North of Britain, origins of Scotland.
  • c 500 AD to 600 AD - Anglo-Saxons from modern-day German and Holland regions settle in east of Britain, origins of England.